Laboratory for the Psychology

of Child Development

and Education

Grégoire Borst (Pr)

Gregoire is a full Professor of developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience of education since 2014. He is a junior member of the Institut Universitaire de France and the adjunct director of the lab. He is also the head of the Master degree of Psychology and of the  DEVMaster. He obtained is PhD in Cognitive Science in 2005 (Paris-Sud University). He was a postdoctoral fellow and research associate at Harvard University from 2006 to 2010 before being hired as an associate Professor in the University Paris Descartes in 2010. His  projects aim at investigating the role of prefrontal cortex cognitive (inhibitory) control (a process allowing one to resist temptations, automatisms, and heuristics and to adapt to cognitive and perceptual conflicts) in neurocognitive development and school learnings from childhood to adulthood. In particular, he investigates (a) the generality (and specificity) of inhibitory control across different cognitive domains (number, categorization, reasoning, theory of mind) and school learnings (arithmetic, orthograph, reading) at different age using both behavioral and neuroimaging methods (fMRI, aMRI, dMRI), (b) the extent to which inhibitory control can be trained at different ages and the effect of this training on behavioral performance (near and far transfer), and on the brain at a functional and structural level, and (c) the effect of an innovative pedagogy on the ability to inhibit misconception in various school learning in primary school and at the university.



In press


Cachia, A.*, Roell, M.*, Mangin, J.-F., Sun, J., Jobert, A., Houdé, O., Dehaene, S., & Borst, G. (2017). How interindividual differences in brain anatomy shape reading accuracy. Brain Structure and Function (in press). doi: 10.1007/s00429-017-1516-x.


Camarda, A., Borst, B., Agogué, M., Habib, M., Weil, B., Houdé, O., & Cassotti, M. (2017). Do we need inhibitory control to be creative? Evidence from a dual-task paradigm. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts (in press).


Camarda, A., Salvia, E., Vidal, J., Poirel, N., Weil, B., Houdé, O., Borst, G., & Cassotti, M. (2018). Neural basis of functional fixedness during creative idea generation: an EEG study. Neuropsychologia (in press).

Krakowski, C.-S., Borst, G., Vidal, J., Houdé, O., & Poirel, N. (2018). Children have to inhibit global information when the forest is dense and local information when the forest is sparse. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology (in press). 

Lanoë, C., Lubin, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G., & De Neys, W. (2017). Grammatical attraction error detection in children and adolescents. Cognitive Development (in press).   

Tissier, C., Linzarini, A., Allaire-Duquette, G., Mevel, K., Poirel, N., Dollfus, S., Etard, O., Orliac, F., Peyrin, C., Charron, S., Raznahan, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G., & Cachia, A. (2018). Sulcal polymorphisms of the IFC and ACC contribute to inhibitory control variability in children and adults. eNeuro (in press).


Viarouge, A., Courtier, P., Hoppe, M, Melnik, J., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2017). Spontaneous orientation towards irrelevant dimensions of magnitude and numerical acuity. Learning and Instruction (in press).


Aïte, A., Cassotti, M., Linzarini, A., Osmont, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2017). Adolescents’ inhibitory control: Keep it cool or lose control. Developmental Science, 21(1), doi: 10.1111/desc.12491.


Ahr, E., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2017). Predominance of lateral over vertical mirror errors in reading: A case for neuronal recycling and inhibition. Brain and Cognition, 117, 1-8.


Brault Foisy, L.-M., Ahr, E., Masson, S., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2017). Is inhibitory control involved in discriminating pseudowords that contain the reversible letters b and d? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 262, 259-267.


Linzarini, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2017). Cognitive control outside of conscious awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 53, 185-193.

Roell, M., Viarouge, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2017). Inhibitory control and decimal number comparison in school-aged children. Plos One, 12(11):e0188276. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188276.


Aïte, A., Berthoz, A., Vidal, J., Roell, M., Zaoui, M., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2016).Taking a third-person perspective requires inhibitory control: Evidence from a developmental negative priming study. Child Development, 87, 1825-1840. 

Ahr, E., Borst, G., & Houdé, O. (2016). The learning brain: Neuronal recycling and inhibition. Zeitschrift für experimentelle Psychologie, 224(4), 277–285. doi: 10.1027/2151-2604/a000263

Ahr, E., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2016). Inhibition of the mirror-generalization process in reading in school-aged children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 145, 157-165.


Borst, G., Cachia, A., Tissier, C., Ahr, E., Simon, G., & Houdé, O. (2016). Early cerebral constraints on reading skills of school-age children: An MRI study. Mind, Brain & Education, 10, 47-54.


Cachia, A., Borst, G., Tissier, C., Fischer, C., Plaze, M., Gay, O., Rivière, D., Gogtay, N., Giedd, J., Mangin, J.-F., Houdé, O., & Raznahan, A. (2016). Longitudinal stability of the folding pattern of the anterior cingulate cortex during development. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 122-127.


Cassotti, M., Agogué, M., Camarda, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2016). Inhibitory control as a core process of creative problem solving and ideas generation from childhood to adulthood. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 151, 61-72.


Krakowski, C.-S., Poirel, N., Vidal, J., Roell, M., Pineau, A., Borst, G., & Houdé O. (2016). The forest, the trees and the leaves: Differences of processing across development. Developmental Psychology, 52, 1262-1272.


Lanoë, C., Vidal, J., Lubin, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2016). Inhibitory control is needed to overcome written verb inflection errors: Evidence from a developmental negative priming study. Cognitive Development, 37, 18-27.


Lubin, A., Rossi, S., Lanoë, C., Vidal, J., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2016). Expertise, inhibitory control and arithmetic word problems: A negative priming study in mathematics experts. Learning and Instruction, 45, 40-48.


Borst, G., Ahr, E., Roell, M., & Houdé, O. (2015). The cost of blocking the mirror-generalization process in reading: Evidence for the role of inhibitory control in discriminating letters with lateral mirror-image counterparts. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 22, 228-234.


Borst, G., Aïte, A., & Houdé, O. (2015). Inhibition of misleading heuristics as a core mechanism for typical cognitive development: Evidence from behavioral and brain-imaging studies. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 57(s2), 21-25.


Brault Foisy, L.-M., Ahr, E., Masson, S., Borst, G., & Houdé, O. (2015). Blocking our brain: When we need to inhibit repetitive mistakes! Frontiers for Young Minds: doi:10.3389/frym.2015.00017.


Habib, M., Borst, G., Poirel, N., Houdé, O., Moutier, S., & Cassotti, M. (2015). Socio-emotional context and adolescents’ decision making: The experience of regret and relief after social comparison. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 25, 81-91.


Habib, M., Cassotti, M., Moutier, S., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2015). Fear and anger have opposite effects on risk seeking in the gain frame. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:253. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00253

Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2015). Evidence for an inhibitory-control theory of the reasoning brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:148. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00148


Krakowski, C.-S., Borst, G., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., & Poirel, N. (2015). You can detect the trees as well as the forest when adding the leaves: Evidence from visual search tasks containing three-level hierarchical stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 157, 131-143.


Linzarini, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2015). When Stroop helps Piaget: An inter-task positive priming paradigm in 9-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 139, 71–82. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2015.05.010

Wantz, A.L., Borst, G., Mast, F.W., & Lobmaier, J.S. (2015). Colors in mind: A novel paradigm to investigate color imagery. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41, 1152-1161. 


*These authors contributed equally.



Aïte, A., Barrault, S., Cassotti, M., Borst, G., Bonnaire, C., Houdé, O., Varescon, I., & Moutier, S. (2014). The impact of alexithymia in pathological gamblers' decision-making skills: A preliminary study on pathological gamblers recruited in an ecological setting. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 27, 59-67.


Borst, G.*, Cachia, A.*, Vidal., J., Simon, G., Fischer, C., Pineau, A., Poirel, N., Mangin, J.-F., & Houdé, O. (2014). Folding of the anterior cingulate cortex partially explains inhibitory control during childhood: A longitudinal study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 126-135.


Borst, G., & Houdé, O. (2014). Inhibitory control as a core mechanism for cognitive development and learning at school. Perspectives on Language and Literacy (Special Issue on Executive functions edited by A. Diamond), 41-44.


Cachia, A.*, Borst, G.*, Vidal, J., Fischer, C., Pineau, A., Mangin, J.-F., & Houdé, O. (2014). The shape of the ACC contributes to cognitive control efficiency in preschoolers. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 96-106.


Cassotti, M., Aïte, A., Osmont, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2014). What have we learned about the processes involved in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) from developmental studies? Frontiers in Psychology, section Decision Neuroscience, 5:915. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00915.


Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2014). Measuring inhibitory control in children and adults: Brain imaging and mental chronometry. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology (Research Topic: Development of executive function during childhood, edited by Y. Moriguchi, P. Zelazo, and N.

Chevalier), 5:616. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00616.


Poirel, N., Krakowski, C.-S., Sayah, S., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., & Borst, G. (2014). Do you want to see the tree? Ignore the forest. Inhibitory control during local processing: A negative priming study of local-global processing. Experimental Psychology, 61, 205-214.


*These authors contributed equally.


Aïte, A., Borst, G., Moutier, S., Varescon, I., Brown, I., Houdé, O., & Cassotti, M. (2013). Impact of emotional context congruency on decision making under ambiguity. Emotion, 13, 177-182.


Borst, G. (2013). Fear Improves Mental Rotation of Low-Spatial-Frequency Visual Representation. Emotion, 13, 811-816.


Borst, G., Graeme, S., & Kosslyn, S.M. (2013). Fear and anxiety module mental rotation. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 665-671.


Borst, G., Poirel, N., Pineau, A., Cassotti, M., & Houdé, O. (2013). Inhibitory control efficiency in a Piaget-like class-inclusion task in school-age children and adults: A developmental negative priming study. Developmental Psychology, 49, 1366-1374.


Borst, G., Simon, G., Vidal, J., & Houdé, O. (2013). Inhibitory control and visuospatial reversibility in Piaget’s seminal number-conservation task: A high-density ERP study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7:920. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00920.


Chabris, C.F., Lee, J.J., Benjamin, D.J., Beauchamp, J.P., Glaeser, E.L., Borst, G., Pinker, S., & Laibson, D.I. (2013). Why is it hard to find genes that are associated with social science traits? Theoretical and empirical considerations. American Journal of Public Health, 103, S152-166.


Kim, S., Borst, G., Thompson, W.L., Hopkins, R.O., Kosslyn, S.M., & Squire L.R. (2013). Sparing of spatial mental imagery in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learning & Memory, 20, 657-663.


Lubin A., Vidal J., Lanoë C., Houdé O., Borst G. (2013). Inhibitory control is needed for the resolution of arithmetic word problems: A developmental negative priming study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 105, 701-708.


Borst, G., Ganis, G., Thompson, W.L., & Kosslyn, S.M. (2012). Representations in mental imagery and working memory: Evidence from different types of visual masks. Memory & Cognition, 40, 204-217.


Borst, G., Niven, N., & Logie, R.H. (2012). Visual mental image generation does not overlap with visual short-term memory: A dual-task interference study. Memory & Cognition, 40, 360-372.


Borst, G., Poirel, N., Pineau, A., Cassotti, M., & Houdé, O. (2012). Inhibitory control in number-conservation and class-inclusion tasks: A neo-Piagetian inter-tasks priming study. Cognitive Development, 27, 283-298.


Habib, M., Cassotti, M., Borst, G., Simon, G., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., & Moutier, S. (2012). Counterfactually mediated emotions: A developmental study of regret and relief in a probabilistic gambling task. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112, 265-274.


Poirel, N.*, Borst, G.*, Simon, G., Rossi, S., Cassotti, M., Pineau, A., & Houdé, O. (2012). Number conservation is related to children's prefrontal inhibitory control: An fMRI study of a Piagetian task. PLoS ONE 7(7): e40802. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0040802


*These authors contributed equally.


Van der Ham, I., & Borst, G. (2011). The nature of categorical and coordinate spatial relation processing: An interference study. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 922-930.


Borst, G., Thompson, W. L., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2011). Understanding the dorsal and ventral systems of the cortex: Beyond dichotomies. American Psychologist, 66, 624-632.


Van der Ham, I., & Borst, G. (2011). Individual differences in spatial relation processing: Effect of gender, abilities and strategies. Brain and Cognition, 76, 184-190.


Lewis, K., Borst, G., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2011). Integrating images and percepts: New evidence for depictive representation. Psychological Research, 75, 259-271.


Borst, G., Kievit, R. A., Thompson, W. L., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2011). Mental rotation is not easily cognitively penetrable. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 60-75.



Borst, G. & Kosslyn, S. M. (2010). Varying the scope of attention alters the encoding of categorical and coordinate spatial relations. Neuropsychologia, 48, 2769-2772.


Borst, G., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2010). Fear selectively modulates visual mental imagery and visual perception. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 833-839.


Borst, G., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2010). Individual differences in spatial imagery. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63, 2031-2050.


Afonso, A., Blum, A., Katz, B. F. G., Tarroux, P., Borst, G., & Denis, M. (2010). Structural properties of spatial representations in blind people: Scanning images constructed from haptic exploration or from locomotion in a 3-D audio virtual environment. Memory & Cognition, 38, 591-604.



Borst, G., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2008). Visual mental imagery and visual perception: Structural equivalence revealed by scanning processes. Memory & Cognition, 36, 849-862.



Borst, G., Kosslyn, S. M., & Denis, M. (2006). Different cognitive processes in two image scanning paradigms. Memory & Cognition, 34, 475-490.