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Arnaud Cachia


Full professor

Paris Cité University and IUF

Arnaud is full Professor of cognitive neuroscience at the University of Paris, member of the Institut universitaire de France and researcher in the laboratory of developmental psychology and child education (CNRS, Sorbonne, Paris). He is also coordinator of the University Diploma (DU) 'Neuroeducation' of the Université de Paris. He completed a PhD on brain and cognitive development at the Frédéric Joliot Hospital Service (CEA, Orsay) from 2000 to 2003 with an in-doc at the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI, McGill University, Montreal) in 2003. He was then postdoctoral researcher at the 'Imaging and Psychiatry' lab (INSERM, Maison des Adolescents, Paris) between 2003 and 2009 and at the 'Center of Psychiatry and Neurosciences' (INSERM, Sainte-Anne hospital, Paris) between 2009 and 2011 before being recruited in 2011 at Unversité de Paris Descartes.

Arnaud's research aims at deciphering the neurodevelopmental basis of cognition. He is interested in the interactions between early constraints (fetal brain development, genetic factors) and the mechanisms of late neuroplasticity in children and adolescents on normal cognitive development (learning) and pathological development (psychiatric disorders). His studies use an integrative gene-brain-behavior approach.


Salaün, J.P., Borst, G., Cachia, A., Orliac, F., Vivien, D., & Poirel, N. (2024). General anaesthesia early during childhood may impact local/global visual processing in children. British Journal of Anaesthesia.

Menu, I., Borst, G., & Cachia, A. (2024). Latent Network Analysis of Executive Functions Across Development. Journal of Cognition, 7(1), 31, 1–16.


Schwizer Ashkenazi, S., Roell, M., McCaskey, U., Cachia, A., Borst, G., O’Gorman Tuura, R., & Kucian, K. (2024). Are  numerical abilities determined at early age? A brain morphology study  in children and adolescents with and without developmental dyscalculia. Developmental Cognitive Neurosciences, 67, 101369.


Santacroce, F., Cachia, A., Fragueiro, A., Grande, E. D., Roëll, M.,  Baldassarre, A., Sestieri, C., & Committeri, G. (2024). Human  intraparietal sulcal morphology relates to individual differences in  language and memory performance. Communications Biology, 7(1).


Olié, E., Le Bars, E., Deverdun, J., Oppenheim, C., Courtet, P., & Cachia, A. (2023). The effect of early trauma on suicidal vulnerability depends on fronto-insular sulcation. Cerebral cortex, 33(3), 823–830.


Rezende, G., Le Stanc, L., Menu, I., Cassotti, M., Aïte, A., Salvia, E., Houdé, O., Borst, G.*, & Cachia, A.* (2023). Differential effects of mindfulness meditation and cognitive training on cool and hot inhibitory control in children and adolescents. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 235. 


Salaün, J., Chagnot, A., Cachia, A., Poirel, N., Datin-Dorrière, V., Dujarrier, C., Lemarchand, E., Rolland, M., Delalande, L., Gressens, P., Guillois, B., Houdé, O., Levard, D., Gakuba, C., Moyon, M., Naveau, M., Orliac, F., Orliaguet, G., Hanouz, J., . . . Vivien, D. (2023). Consequences of General Anesthesia in Infancy on Behavior and Brain Structure. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 136(2), 240–250.


Omont-Lescieux, S., Menu, I., Salvia, E., Poirel, N., Oppenheim, C.,  Houdé, O., Cachia, A., & Borst, G. (2023). Lateralization of the  cerebral network of inhibition in children before and after cognitive  training. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 63, 101293.


Menu, I., Rezende, G., Le Stanc, L., Borst, G., & Cachia, A. (2022) A network analysis of executive functions before and after computerized cognitive training in children and adolescents. Scientific Reports, 12, 14660.


Menu, I., Rezende, G., Le Stanc, L., Borst, G., & Cachia, A., (2022). Inhibitory control training on executive functions of children and adolescents: A latent change score model approach. Cognitive Development, 64, 101231.

Cachia, A., Borst, G., Jardri, R., Raznahan, A., Murray, G. K., Mangin, J., & Plaze, M. (2021). Towards Deciphering the Fetal Foundation of Normal Cognition and Cognitive Symptoms From Sulcation of the Cortex. Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 15.


Datin-Dorrière, V., Borst, G., Guillois, B., Cachia, A., & Poirel, N. (2021). The forest, the trees, and the leaves in preterm children: the impact of prematurity on a visual search task containing three-level hierarchical stimuli. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 253–260.

Roell, M.; Cachia, A.; Matejko, A.; Houdé, O.; Ansari, D.* & Borst, G.* (2021) Sulcation of the intraparietal sulcus is related to symbolic but not non-symbolic number skills. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 51, 100998.


Delalande, L., Moyon, M., Tissier, C., Dorriere, V., Guillois, B., Mevell, K., Charron, S., Salvia, E., Poirel, N., Vidal, J., Lion, S., Oppenheim, C., Houdé, O.*, Cachia, A.*, & Borst, G.* (2020). Complex and subtle structural changes in prefrontal cortex induced by inhibitory control training from childhood to adolescence. Developmental Science, 23(4), e12898.

Salvia, E., Tissier, C., Charron, S., Herent, P., Vidal, J., Lion, S., Cassotti, M., Oppenheim, C., Houdé, O.*, Borst, G.*, & Cachia, A.* (2019). The local properties of bold signal fluctuations at rest monitor inhibitory control training in adolescents. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 38, 100664.


Barrière, D. A., Magalhães, R., Novais, A., Marques, P., Selingue, E., Geffroy, F., Marques, F., Cerqueira, J., Sousa, J.C., Boumezbeur, F., Bottlaender, M., Jay, T. M., Cachia, A., Sousa, N., & Mériaux, S. (2019). The SIGMA rat brain templates and atlases for multimodal MRI data analysis and visualization. Nature Communications, 10, 5699.


Del Maschio, N., Sulpizio, S., Fedeli, D., Ramanujan, K., Ding, G., Weekes, BS., Cachia, A., & Abutalebi, J. (2019) ACC Sulcal Patterns and their Modulation on Cognitive Control Efficiency across Lifespan: A Neuroanatomical Study on Bilinguals and Monolinguals. Cerebral Cortex. 29(7), 3091-3101.


Cachia, A., Roell, M., Mangin, J., Sun, Z., Jobert, A., Braga, L., Houdé, O., Dehaene, S., & Borst, G. (2018). How interindividual differences in brain anatomy shape reading accuracy. Brain Structure & Function, 223, 701–712.

Tissier, C., Linzarini, A., Allaire-Duquette, G., Mevel, K., Poirel, N., Dollfus, S., Etard, O., Orliac, F., Peyrin, C., Charron, S., Raznahan, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G., & Cachia, A. (2018). Sulcal Polymorphisms of the IFC and ACC Contribute to Inhibitory Control Variability in Children and Adults. ENeuro, 5(1), ENEURO.0197-17.2018.


Fish, AM., Cachia, A., Fischer, C., Mankiw, C., Reardon, PK., Clasen, LS., Blumenthal, JD., Greenstein, D., Giedd, JN., Mangin, JF., & Raznahan, A. (2017) Influences of Brain Size, Sex, and Sex Chromosome Complement on the Architecture of Human Cortical Folding. Cerebral Cortex. 27(12), 5557-5567.


Cachia, A., Del Maschio, N., Borst, G., Della Rosa, PA., Pallier, C., Costa, A., Houdé, O., Abutalebi, J. (2017) Anterior Cingulate Cortex Sulcation and its Differential Effects on Conflict Monitoring in Bilinguals and Monolinguals. Brain and Language, 175, 57-63.

Cachia, A., Borst, G., Tissier, C., Fischer, C., Plaze, M., Gay, O., Rivière, D., Gogtay, N., Giedd, J., Mangin, J.-F., Houdé, O., Raznahan, A. (2016). Longitudinal stability of the folding pattern of the anterior cingulate cortex during development. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 122-127.

Borst, G., Cachia, A., Tissier, C., Ahr, E., Simon, G., Houdé, O. (2016). Early cerebral constraints on reading skills of school-age children: An MRI study. Mind, Brain Education, 10, 47-54.

Borst, G.*, Cachia, A.*, Vidal., J., Simon, G., Fischer, C., Pineau, A., Poirel, N., Mangin, J.-F., Houdé, O. (2014). Folding of the anterior cingulate cortex partially explains inhibitory control during childhood: A longitudinal study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 126-135.

Cachia, A.*, Borst, G.*, Vidal, J., Fischer, C., Pineau, A., Mangin, J.-F., Houdé, O. (2014). The shape of the anterior cingulate cortex contributes to cognitive control efficiency in preschoolers. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 96-106.

Rossi, S., Lubin, A., Simon, G., Lanoë, C., Poirel, N., Cachia, A., Pineau, A., Houdé, O. (2013). Structural brain correlates of executive engagement in working memory: Children's inter individual differences are reflected in the anterior insular cortex. Neuropsychologia, 51, 1145-1150.

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