Gregoire Borst is a full Professor of developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience of education at the University of Paris. He is the director of the Laboratory for the study of Child Development and Education (CNRS) at La Sorbonne and a junior member of the Institut Universitaire de France. He obtained is PhD in 2005 in Paris Sud University and was then a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University from 2006 to 2010. His work focuses on the role of cognitive and emotional control on the cognitive and socio-emotional development of children and adolescents and on learning at school and in everyday life. He has published more than 70 scientific articles and 6 books including two for children to explain the basics of the brain and the mind. He works in close collaboration with the educational community. He is a senior fellow of the International Bureau of Education (IBE - UNESCO) & a junior fellow of the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF).

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Borst

Ph.D

Professeur, Lab Director

University of Paris and IUF

PUBLICATIONS

Bouhassoun, S., Gerlach, C., Borst, G., & Poirel, N. (in press). Framing the area: An efficient approach for avoiding visual interference and optimizing visual search in adolescents. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Camarda, A., Bouhours, L., Osmont, A., Le Masson, P., Weil, B., Borst, G., & Cassotti, M. (2021). Opposite effect of social evaluation on creative idea generation in early and middle adolescents. Creativity Research Journal, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2021.1902174

Bouhours, L., Camarda, A., Ernst, M., Osmont, A., Borst, G., & Cassotti, M. (2021). How does social evaluation influence Hot and Cool inhibitory control in adolescence? Plos one, 16(9), e0257753. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0257753

Raoelison, M., Boissin, E., Borst, G., & De Neys, W. (2021). From slow to fast logic: The development of logical intuitions. Thinking & Reasoning, 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/13546783.2021.1885488

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Roell, M.; Cachia, A.; Matejko, A.; Houdé, O.; Ansari, D.* & Borst, G.* (2021) Sulcation of the intraparietal sulcus is related to symbolic but not non-symbolic number skills. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 51, 100998. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2021.100998

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Datin-Dorrière, V., Borst, G., Guillois, B., Cachia, A., Poirel, N. (2020). The forest, the trees, and the leaves in preterm children: The impact of prematurity on a visual search task containing three-level hierarchical stimuli. European Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 253–260. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01510-x

Orliac, F., Borst, G., Simon, G., Mevel, K., Vidal, J., Dollfus, S., Houdé, O., Peyrin, C., Poirel, N. (2020). Cortical thickness and natural scene recognition in the child’s brain. Brain Sciences, 10(6), 329. https//doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10060329

Salvia, E., Mevel, K., Borst, G., Poirel, N., Simon, G., Orliac, F., Etard, O., Hopfensitz, A., Houdé, O., Bonnefon, J.-F., De Neys, W. (2020). Age-related neural correlates of facial trustworthiness detection during economic interaction. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 13(1), 19–33. https://doi.org/10.1037/npe0000112

Delalande, L., Moyon, M., Tissier, C., Dorrière, V., Guillois, B., Mevel, K., Charron, S., Salvia, E., Poirel, N., Vidal, J ., Lion, S., Oppenheim, C., Houdé, O., Cachia, A., Borst, G. (2019). Complex and subtle structural changes in prefrontal cortex induced by inhibitory control training from childhood to adolescence. Developmental Science, Article e12898.

Rossi, S., Vidal, J., Létang, M., Houdé, O. Borst, G. (2019). Adolescents and adults need inhibitory control to compare fractions. Journal of Numerical Cognition, 5(3), 314-336. https://doi.org/10.5964/jnc.v5i3.197

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Salvia, E., Tissier, C., Charron, S., Herent, P., Vidal, J., Lion, S., Cassotti, M., Oppenheim, C., Houdé, O.*, Borst, G.*, Cachia, A.* (2019). The local properties of bold signal fluctuations at rest monitor inhibitory control training in adolescents. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 38, Article 100664. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100664

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Viarouge, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2019). The progressive 6-year-old conserver: Numerical saliency and sensitivity as core mechanisms of numerical abstraction in a Piaget-like estimation task. Cognition, 190, 137-142.

Roell, M., Viarouge, A., Hilscher, E., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2019). Evidence for a visuospatial bias in decimal number comparison in adolescents and in adults. Scientific Reports, 9, 14770. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51392-6

Viarouge, A., Houdé, O., Borst G. (2019). Evidence for the role of inhibition in numerical comparison: a negative priming study in 7-8-year-olds and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 186, 131-141.

Mevel, K., Borst, G., Poirel, N., Simon, G., Orliac, F., Etard, O., Houdé, O., De Neys, W. (2019). Developmental frontal brain activation differences in overcoming heuristic bias. Cortex, 117, 111-121.

Roell, M., Viarouge, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2019). Inhibition of the whole number bias in decimal number comparison: A developmental negative priming study. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 177, 240-247.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2018.08.010

Aïte, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2018). Stop in the name of lies: The cost of blocking the truth to deceive. Consciousness and Cognition, 65, 141-151.

Tissier, C. Linzarini, A., Allaire-Duquette, G., Mevel, K., Poirel, N., Dolfus, S., Etard, O., Orliac, F., Peyrin, C., Charron, S., Raznahan, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G.*, Cachia, A.* (2018). Sulcal polymorphisms of the IFG and ACC contribute to inhibitory control variability in children and adult. eNeuro, 5(1), ENEURO.0197-17.2018, 1 – 14.

Aïte, A., Cassotti, M., Linzarini, A., Osmont, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2018). Adolescents’ inhibitory control: Keep it cool or lose control. Developmental Science, 21(1). doi: 10.1111/desc.12491.

Camarda, A., Borst, G., Agogué, M., Habib, M., Weil, B., Houdé, O., Cassotti, M. (2018). Do we need inhibitory control to be creative? Evidence from a dual-task paradigm. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 12, 351-358

Viarouge, A., Courtier, P., Hoppe, M, Melnik, J., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2018). Spontaneous orientation towards irrelevant dimensions of magnitude and numerical acuity. Learning and Instruction, 54, 156 - 163.

Krakowski, C.-S., Borst, G., Vidal, J., Houdé, O., Poirel, N. (2018). Children inhibit global information when the forest is dense and local information when the forest is sparse. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 173, 155-167. 

Bago, B., Frey, D., Vidal, J., Houdé, O., Borst, G., De Neys, W. (2018). Fast and slow thinking: Electrophysiological evidence for early conflict sensitivity. Neuropsychologia, 117, 483-490.

Camarda, A., Salvia, E., Vidal, J., Poirel, N., Weil, B., Houdé, O., Borst, G., Cassotti, M. (2018). Neural basis of functional fixedness during creative idea generation: An EEG study. Neuropsychologia, 118, 4-12.

Cachia, A.*, Roell, M.*, Mangin, J.-F., Sun, J., Jobert, A., Houdé, O., Dehaene, S., Borst, G. (2018). How interindividual differences in brain anatomy shape reading accuracy. Brain, Structure and Function, 223, 701-712. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00429-017-1516-x

Lanoë, C., Lubin, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G., De Neys, W. (2017). Grammatical attraction error detection in children and adolescents. Cognitive Development.   

Linzarini, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2017). Cognitive control outside of conscious awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 53, 185-193.

Brault Foisy, L.-M., Ahr, E., Masson, S., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2017). Is inhibitory control involved in discriminating pseudowords that contain the reversible letters b and d? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 262, 259-267.

Ahr, E., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2017). Predominance of lateral over vertical mirror errors in reading: A case for neuronal recycling and inhibition. Brain and Cognition, 117, 1-8.

Roell, M., Viarouge, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2017). Inhibitory control and decimal number comparison in school-aged children. Plos One, 12(11), e0188276. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188276

Cachia, A., Del Maschio, N., Borst, G., Della Rosa, PA., Pallier, C., Costa, A., Houdé, O., Abutalebi, J. (2017) Anterior Cingulate Cortex Sulcation and its Differential Effects on Conflict Monitoring in Bilinguals and Monolinguals. Brain and Language, 175, 57-63.

Ahr, E., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2016). Inhibition of the mirror-generalization process in reading in school-aged children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 145, 157-165.

Krakowski, C.S., Poirel, N., Vidal, J., Roell, M., Pineau, A., Borst, G., & Houdé O. (2016). The forest, the trees and the leaves: Differences of processing across development. Developmental Psychology, 52, 1262-1272. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000138

Lubin, A., Rossi, S., Lanoë, C., Vidal, J., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2016). Expertise, inhibitory control and arithmetic word problems: A negative priming study in mathematics experts. Learning and Instruction, 45, 40-48.

Cassotti, M., Agogué, M., Camarda, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2016). Inhibitory control as a core process of creative problem solving and ideas generation from childhood to adulthood. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 151, 61-72.

Ahr, E., Borst, G., Houdé, O. (2016). The learning brain: Neuronal recycling and inhibition. Zeitschrift für experimentelle Psychologie, 224(4), 277–285. doi: 10.1027/2151-2604/a000263

Lanoë, C., Vidal, J., Lubin, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2016). Inhibitory control is needed to overcome written verb inflection errors: Evidence from a developmental negative priming study. Cognitive Development, 37, 18-27.

Aïte, A., Berthoz, A., Vidal, J., Roell, M., Zaoui, M., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2016).Taking a third-person perspective requires inhibitory control: Evidence from a developmental negative priming study. Child Development, 87, 1825-1840. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12558

Borst, G., Cachia, A., Tissier, C., Ahr, E., Simon, G., Houdé, O. (2016). Early cerebral constraints on reading skills of school-age children: An MRI study. Mind, Brain Education, 10, 47-54.

Cachia, A., Borst, G., Tissier, C., Fischer, C., Plaze, M., Gay, O., Rivière, D., Gogtay, N., Giedd, J., Mangin, J.-F., Houdé, O., Raznahan, A. (2016). Longitudinal stability of the folding pattern of the anterior cingulate cortex during development. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 122-127.

Borst, G., Aïte, A., Houdé, O. (2015). Inhibition of misleading heuristics as a core mechanism for typical cognitive development: Evidence from behavioral and brain-imaging studies. Developmental Medicine Child Neurology, 57(s2), 21-25.

Brault Foisy, L.-M., Ahr, E., Masson, S., Borst, G., Houdé, O. (2015). Blocking our brain: When we need to inhibit repetitive mistakes! Frontiers for Young Minds. doi:10.3389/frym.2015.00017

Borst, G., Ahr, E., Roell, M., & Houdé, O. (2015). The cost of blocking the mirror generalization process in reading: Evidence for the role of inhibitory control in discriminating letters with lateral mirror- image counterparts. Psychonomic Bulletin Review, 22, 228-234. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-014-0663-9

Linzarini, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2015). When Stroop helps Piaget: An inter-task positive priming paradigm in 9-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 139, 71–82. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2015.05.010

Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2015). Evidence for an inhibitory-control theory of the reasoning brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 148. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00148

Wantz, A.L., Borst, G., Mast, F.W., Lobmaier, J.S. (2015). Colors in mind: A novel paradigm to investigate color imagery. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41, 1152-1161. 

Krakowski, C.-S., Borst, G., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., Poirel, N. (2015). You can detect the trees as well as the forest when adding the leaves: Evidence from visual search tasks containing three-level hierarchical stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 157, 131-143.

Habib, M., Borst, G., Poirel, N., Houdé, O., Moutier, S., Cassotti, M. (2015). Socio-emotional context and adolescents’ decision making: The experience of regret and relief after social comparison. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 25, 81-91.

Habib, M., Cassotti, M., Moutier, S., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2015). Fear and anger have opposite effects on risk seeking in the gain frame. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 253. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00253

Aïte, A., Barrault, S., Cassotti, M., Borst, G., Bonnaire, C., Houdé, O., Varescon, I., Moutier, S. (2014). The impact of alexithymia in pathological gamblers' decision-making skills: A preliminary study on pathological gamblers recruited in an ecological setting. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 27, 59-67.

Cachia, A.*, Borst, G.*, Vidal, J., Fischer, C., Pineau, A., Mangin, J.-F., Houdé, O. (2014). The shape of the anterior cingulate cortex contributes to cognitive control efficiency in preschoolers. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 96-106.

Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2014). Measuring inhibitory control in children and adults: Brain imaging and mental chronometry. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology (Research Topic: Development of executive function during childhood, edited by Y. Moriguchi, P. Zelazo, and N. Chevalier), 5, 616. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00616

Borst, G.*, Cachia, A.*, Vidal., J., Simon, G., Fischer, C., Pineau, A., Poirel, N., Mangin, J.-F., Houdé, O. (2014). Folding of the anterior cingulate cortex partially explains inhibitory control during childhood: A longitudinal study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 126-135.

Borst, G., Houdé, O. (2014). Inhibitory control as a core mechanism for cognitive development and learning at school. Perspectives on Language and Literacy (Special Issue on Executive functions edited by A. Diamond), 41-44.

Poirel, N., Krakowski, C.-S., Sayah, S., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2014). Do you want to see the tree? Ignore the forest. Inhibitory control during local processing: A negative priming study of local-global processing. Experimental Psychology, 61, 205-214.

Cassotti, M., Aïte, A., Osmont, A., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2014). What have we learned about the processes involved in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) from developmental studies? Frontiers in Psychology, section Decision Neuroscience, 5, 915. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00915

Lubin, A., Vidal, J., Lanoë, C., Houdé, O., Borst, G. (2013). Inhibitory control is needed for the resolution of arithmetic word problems: A developmental negative priming study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 105(3), 701-708.

Aïte, A., Borst, G., Moutier, S., Varescon, I., Brown, I., Houdé, O., Cassotti, M. (2013). Impact of emotional context congruency on decision making under ambiguity. Emotion, 13, 177-182.

Borst, G., Poirel, N., Pineau, A., Cassotti, M., Houdé, O. (2013). Inhibitory control efficiency in a Piaget-like class-inclusion task in school-age children and adults: A developmental negative priming study. Developmental Psychology, 49, 1366-1374.

Borst, G. (2013). Fear Improves Mental Rotation of Low-Spatial-Frequency Visual Representation. Emotion, 13, 811-816.

Borst, G., Graeme, S., Kosslyn, S.M. (2013). Fear and anxiety module mental rotation. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 665-671.

Kim, S., Borst, G., Thompson, W.L., Hopkins, R.O., Kosslyn, S.M., Squire L.R. (2013). Sparing of spatial mental imagery in patients with hippocampal lesions. Learning Memory, 20, 657-663.

Chabris, C.F., Lee, J.J., Benjamin, D.J., Beauchamp, J.P., Glaeser, E.L., Borst, G., Pinker, S., Laibson, D.I. (2013). Why is it hard to find genes that are associated with social science traits? Theoretical and empirical considerations. American Journal of Public Health, 103, S152-166.

Borst, G., Simon, G., Vidal, J., Houdé, O. (2013). Inhibitory control and visuospatial reversibility in Piaget’s seminal number-conservation task: A high-density ERP study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 920. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00920

Habib, M., Cassotti, M., Borst, G., Simon, G., Pineau, A., Houdé, O., Moutier, S. (2012). Counterfactually mediated emotions: A developmental study of regret and relief in a probabilistic gambling task. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112, 265-274.

Borst, G., Ganis, G., Thompson, W.L., Kosslyn, S.M. (2012). Representations in mental imagery and working memory: Evidence from different types of visual masks. Memory Cognition, 40, 204-217.

Poirel, N.*, Borst, G.*, Simon, G., Rossi, S., Cassotti, M., Pineau, A., Houdé, O. (2012). Number conservation is related to children's prefrontal inhibitory control: An fMRI study of a Piagetian task. PLoS ONE, 7(7), e40802. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0040802

Borst, G., Niven, N., Logie, R.H. (2012). Visual mental image generation does not overlap with visual short-term memory: A dual-task interference study. Memory Cognition, 40, 360-372.

Borst, G., Poirel, N., Pineau, A., Cassotti, M., Houdé, O. (2012). Inhibitory control in number-conservation and class-inclusion tasks: A neo-Piagetian inter-tasks priming study. Cognitive Development, 27, 283-298.

Van der Ham, I., Borst, G. (2011). The nature of categorical and coordinate spatial relation processing: An interference study. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 922-930.

Borst, G., Thompson, W. L., Kosslyn, S. M. (2011). Understanding the dorsal and ventral systems of the cortex: Beyond dichotomies. American Psychologist, 66, 624-632.

Borst, G., Kievit, R. A., Thompson, W. L., Kosslyn, S. M. (2011). Mental rotation is not easily cognitively penetrable. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 60-75.

Van der Ham, I., Borst, G. (2011). Individual differences in spatial relation processing: Effect of gender, abilities and strategies. Brain and Cognition, 76, 184-190.

Lewis, K., Borst, G., Kosslyn, S. M. (2011). Integrating images and percepts: New evidence for depictive representation. Psychological Research, 75, 259-271.

Borst, G., Kosslyn, S. M. (2010). Individual differences in spatial imagery. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63, 2031-2050.

Afonso, A., Blum, A., Katz, B. F. G., Tarroux, P., Borst, G., Denis, M. (2010). Structural properties of spatial representations in blind people: Scanning images constructed from haptic exploration or from locomotion in a 3-D audio virtual environment. Memory Cognition, 38, 591-604.

Borst, G., Kosslyn, S. M. (2010). Fear selectively modulates visual mental imagery and visual perception. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 833-839.

Borst, G. Kosslyn, S. M. (2010). Varying the scope of attention alters the encoding of categorical and coordinate spatial relations. Neuropsychologia, 48, 2769-2772.

Borst, G., Kosslyn, S. M. (2008). Visual mental imagery and visual perception: Structural equivalence revealed by scanning processes. Memory Cognition, 36, 849-862.

Borst, G., Kosslyn, S. M., Denis, M. (2006). Different cognitive processes in two image scanning paradigms. Memory Cognition, 34, 475-490.